Child Health Topics


Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs and can cause breathlessness, chest tightness, coughing and wheezing. Asthma is one of the most commonExternal Link, chronic, long-term diseases of children, with a diagnosis prevalence of 1 in every 11 children. Asthma is the third leading causeExternal Link of hospitalization among children under the age of 15. Control of asthma requires appropriate diagnosis, effective use of medications, knowledge and understanding of the causes and consequences of the disease.

What NICHQ is Doing

Through multiple projects, NICHQ has worked to develop, implement and evaluate sustainable approaches to improving care and outcomes for patients with childhood asthma.

What Causes Asthma?

The exact cause of asthma is unknown, and asthma cannot be cured. However, asthma can be controlled. Triggers for asthma can include mold, tobacco smoke, outdoor air pollution, and infections linked to influenza, colds, and other viruses. Avoiding these triggers, along with using inhaled corticosteroids and other medicines, are the keys to preventing an asthma attack. Source: CDCExternal Link

Asthma State Profiles

Asthma State Profiles

The CDC's National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) publishes Asthma State ProfilesExternal Link to provide information about the number of people who are affected by asthma in the states that are part of the CDC National Asthma Control Program.